Friday, 4 September 2015



A NIGHTMARE for a teenager is when there are pimples on their faces

A pimple on the cheek is the biggest crisis in a teenager's life. We all wish for clear,silky,smooth skin.

What is Acne (Pimples) ? 
Acne is defined in many ways. Can be characterized by the appearance of pimples,area of red scarly skin,nodules or papules, or blackheads that could leave scars on the skin. These appear in the areas of sebaceous glands like the face, chest, and back.

Is a common acne chronic disease involving blockage and/or inflamation of Sebaceous units (hair follicles and their accompanying sebaceous gland). Acne can resent as noninflammatory lesions, inflammatory lesions, or a mixture of both, affecting mostly the face but also the back and chest that affects ALMOST TEENAGERS DURING PUBERTY .

Acne appears on skin as..
a) Occuluded pores (comedones)  also known as whiteheads or blackheads
b) Tender red bumps also known as pimples or zits
c) pustules, and ocassionally as cysts (deep pimples, boils )

What Does Acne Look Like?

Acne can appear as one of the following:

Whitehead:  White dots that are pores impacted with oil and skin covered by skin layers.

Blackhead: Black bumps that are pores in which material pushes out through the follicles. The black colour is not from dirt. It may be from bacteria, dead skin cells, and matter that react with oxygen.

Papules,pustules or nodules: More lesions appearing red and swollen due to inflammation or infection of the tissue aroud the clogged follicles, which are often painful and feel hard.

Cysts: Deep, pus-filled pimples.

Why Do some People Get Acne and Others Don't?
     It is not clear why some people are more prone to acne than others.
The exact cause of acne is not known,but hormones called androgens can play a role. Androgens increase in both boys and girls during puberty. Androgens make the skin's oil glands get larger and make more sebum. Androgens also can increase because of hormonal changes related to pregnancy or starting or stopping birth control pills.

-Genetics may also matter. If your parents had acne, you may inherited that tendency.
-Some medications (for examples, epilepsy medication, prednisone, androgens taken as medicine, and lithium) can cause acne.
- Cosmetics that have a greasy consistency may also clog pores. Water-based products are less likely to cause acne than oil-based makeup.

Other things that can make acne worse include:

-Friction caused by leaning on or rubbing the skin; harsh scrubbing
-Picking or squeezing blemishes
-Pressure from bike helmets, backpacks, or tight collars
-Changing hormone levels in adolescent girls and adult women two to seven days before the start of the menstrual period

In occasional patients, the following may be contributing factors:
  • Heredity: If one of your parents had severe acne, it is likely that your acne will be more difficult to control.
  • Pressure: In some patients, pressure from helmets, chin straps, collars, suspenders, and the like can aggravate acne.
  • Drugs: Some medications may cause or worsen acne, such as those containing iodides, bromides, or oral or injected steroids (either the medically prescribed prednisone [Deltasone, Orasone, Prednicen-M,Liquid Pred] or the steroids that bodybuilders or athletes sometimes take). Other drugs that can cause or aggravate acne areanticonvulsant medications and lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid). Most cases of acne, however, are not drug related.
  • Occupations: In some jobs, exposure to industrial products like cutting oils may produce acne.
  • Cosmetics: Some cosmetics and skin-care products are pore clogging ("comedogenic"). Of the many available brands of skin-care products, it is important to read the list of ingredients and choose those which have water listed first or second if you are concerned about acne. These "water-based" products are usually best for those with acne. Continue Reading

1)  Not trying an acne treatment long enough

2) Trying too many products at once

3) Over-scrubbing and Over-cleansing the Skin

4) Choosing wrong product for acne-prone

5) Popping or picking on pimples

6) Wait too long to see a dermatologist

7) Over-using or under-using a prescribed medication

How To Get Rid of Pimples- 10 easy ways

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